Bangalore is the capital of the Indian State of Karnataka. It is the third most populous city in the country after Delhi and Mumbai. Bangalore is 18th most-populous city of the World and is one of the fastest growing cities of India.
Bengaluru is sometimes referred to as the ‘Silicon Valley Of India’ or "IT capital of India" because of its role as the nation's leading Information Technology (IT) exporter. Indian technological organisationsISRO, Infosys, Wipro and HAL are headquartered in the city. After Mumbai and Delhi, Bangalore is India's third most populated city with fastest growth in Real estate. Bangalore can be classified into five zones-North, East, West, South and Central. Bengaluru has one of the most highly educated workforces in the world.
It is home to many educational and research institutions, such as Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Indian Institute of Management (Bangalore) (IIMB), International Institute of Information Technology, Bangalore (IIITB), National Institute of Fashion Technology, Bangalore, National Institute of Design, Bangalore (NID R&D Campus), National Law School of India University (NLSIU) and National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS).
Numerous state-owned aerospace and defence organisations, such as Bharat Electronics, Hindustan Aeronautics and National Aerospace Laboratories are located in the city. The city also houses the Kannada film industry.
Bangalore lies in the southeast of the South Indian state of Karnataka. Bangalore has a handful of freshwater lakes and water tanks, the largest of which are Madivala tank, Hebbal lake, Ulsoor lake, Yediyur Lake and Sankey Tank. Bangalore has a tropical savanna climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. Bangalore receives rainfall from both the northeast and southwest monsoons and the wettest months are August, September and October.
Bangalore is served by Kempegowda International Airport located at Devanahalli, about 40 kilometres from the city centre. It was formerly called Bangalore International Airport.
Taxis and air conditioned Volvo buses operated by BMTC connect the airport with the city.
South Western Railways, one of the 17 railway zones in India, covers most of the railway lines in the state of Karnataka. Bangalore City Railway station and Yesvantpur Junction are two important stations for long distance and local trains.
BMTC runs air-conditioned luxury buses on major routes, and also operates shuttle services from various parts of the city. It is an option of a bus pass to frequent users.
Taxis are metered and are generally more expensive than auto-rickshaws.
Bangalore is also known as the "Garden City of India" because of its greenery, broad streets and the presence of many public parks, such as Lal Bagh and Cubbon Park.
After US cities like San Francisco, Boston and British capital London, Bangalore stands as 4th largest technology cluster of the world.
The Government of Karnantaka along with GOI are developing Bangalore Metro in a phased manner to provide convenient intra-city travel to the citizens.
A detailed Metro Map showing various phases is given below: